آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

پلوتونيوم

(له Plutonium نه مخ گرځېدلی)

پلوتونيوم (په انگرېزي: Plutonium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Pu سمبول او ۹۴ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Plutonium,  94Pu
Two shiny pellets of Pu about 3 cm in diameter.
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /plˈtniəm/
ploo-TOH-nee-əm
Appearance silvery white, tarnishing to dark gray in air
Plutonium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Sm

Pu

(Uqo)
neptuniumplutoniumamericium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 94
گروپ, پیریود group n/a, period 7
بلاک f-block
Element category   actinide
Mass number 244 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f6 7s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 24, 8, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد
دويلې کيدو ټکى 912.5 K ​(639.4 °C, ​1182.9 °F)
يشنا ټکی 3505 K ​(3228 °C, ​5842 °F)
Density near r.t. 19.816 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 16.63 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 2.82 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 333.5 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity 35.5 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1756 1953 2198 2511 2926 3499
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 ​(an amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.28
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 584.7 kJ/mol
Atomic radius empirical: 159 pm
Covalent radius 187±1 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structuremonoclinic
Monoclinic crystal structure for plutonium
Speed of sound 2260 m/s
Thermal expansion 46.7 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
د تودوخې تېرېدنه 6.74 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 1.460 µΩ·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic
Young's modulus 96 GPa
Shear modulus 43 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.21
CAS Number 7440-07-5
History
Naming after dwarf planet Pluto, itself named after classical god of the underworld Pluto
Discovery Glenn T. Seaborg, Arthur Wahl, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edwin McMillan (1940–1)
Main isotopes of plutonium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

| references | in Wikidata

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