آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

فلورين

(له Fluorine نه مخ گرځېدلی)

فلورين (په انگرېزي: Fluorine) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د F سمبول او ۹ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Fluorine,  9F
Small sample of pale yellow liquid fluorine condensed in liquid nitrogen
Liquid fluorine at cryogenic temperatures
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈflʊərn/, /ˈflʊərɪn/, /ˈflɔərn/
FLOOR-een, FLOOR-in, FLOHR-een
Allotropes alpha, beta
Appearance gas: very pale yellow
liquid: bright yellow
solid: alpha is opaque, beta is transparent
Fluorine په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)


F

Cl
oxygenfluorineneon
اټومي شمیره (Z) 9
گروپ, پیریود group 17 (halogens), period 2
بلاک p-block
Element category   diatomic nonmetal
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar) کينډۍ:Val[۱]
Electron configuration [He] 2s2 2p5[۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 7
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) گاز
دويلې کيدو ټکى 53.48 K ​(−219.67 °C, ​−363.41 °F)[۳]
يشنا ټکی 85.03 K ​(−188.11 °C, ​−306.60 °F)[۳]
کثافت (at STP) 1.696 g/L[۴]
when liquid, at b.p. 1.505 g/cm3[۵]
Triple point 53.48 K, ​90 kPa[۳]
Critical point 144.41 K, 5.1724 MPa[۳]
Heat of vaporization 6.51 kJ/mol[۴]
Molar heat capacity Cp: 31 J/(mol·K)[۵] (at 21.1 °C)
Cv: 23 J/(mol·K)[۵] (at 21.1 °C)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 38 44 50 58 69 85
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states −1 ​(oxidizes oxygen)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 3.98[۲]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 1681 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 3374 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 6147 kJ/mol
  • (more)[۶]
Covalent radius 64 pm[۷]
Van der Waals radius 135 pm[۸]
Miscellanea
Crystal structurecubic
Cubic crystal structure for fluorine
د تودوخې تېرېدنه 0.02591 W/(m·K)[۹]
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic (−1.2×10−4)[۱۰][۱۱]
CAS Number 7782-41-4[۲]
History
Naming after the mineral fluorite, itself named after Latin fluo (to flow, in smelting)
Discovery André-Marie Ampère (1810)
First isolation Henri Moissan[۲] (June 26, 1886)
Named by Humphry Davy
Main isotopes of fluorine[۱۲]
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

19F 100% stable
| references | in Wikidata

مشخصاتسمول

تاریخچهسمول

مرکباتسمول

د استعمال ځایونهسمول

سرچينېسمول

  1. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ Jaccaud et al. 2000، ص. 381.
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ Haynes 2011، ص. 4.121.
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ Jaccaud et al. 2000، ص. 382.
  5. ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ ۵٫۲ Compressed Gas Association 1999، ص. 365.
  6. Dean 1999، ص. 4.6.
  7. Dean 1999، ص. 4.35.
  8. Matsui 2006، ص. 257.
  9. Yaws او Braker 2001، ص. 385.
  10. Mackay، Mackay او Henderson 2002، ص. 72.
  11. Cheng et al. 1999.
  12. Chisté او Bé 2011.

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