آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

آيوډين

(له Iodine نه مخ گرځېدلی)

آيوډين (په انگرېزي: Iodine) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د I سمبول او ۵۳ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Iodine,  53I
Sample of iodine.jpg
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈ.ədn/, /ˈ.ədɪn/, or /ˈ.ədn/
EYE-Ə-dyne, EYE-Ə-din, or EYE-Ə-deen
Appearance lustrous metallic gray, violet as a gas
Iodine په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Br

I

At
telluriumiodinexenon
اټومي شمیره (Z) 53
گروپ, پیریود group 17 (halogens), period 5
بلاک p-block
Element category   diatomic nonmetal
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar) کينډۍ:Val[۱]
Electron configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 18, 7
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد
دويلې کيدو ټکى 386.85 K ​(113.7 °C, ​236.66 °F)
يشنا ټکی 457.4 K ​(184.3 °C, ​363.7 °F)
Density near r.t. 4.933 g/cm3
Triple point 386.65 K, ​12.1 kPa
Critical point 819 K, 11.7 MPa
Heat of fusion (I2) 15.52 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporisation (I2) 41.57 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity (I2) 54.44 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressure (rhombic)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 260 282 309 342 381 457
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 1, −1 ​(a strongly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 2.66
Ionisation energies
  • 1st: 1008.4 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1845.9 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3180 kJ/mol
Atomic radius empirical: 140 pm
Covalent radius 139±3 pm
Van der Waals radius 198 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureorthorhombic
Orthorhombic crystal structure for iodine
د تودوخې تېرېدنه 0.449 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 1.3×107 Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[۲]
Magnetic susceptibility (χmol) −88.7·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[۳]
Bulk modulus 7.7 GPa
CAS Number 7553-56-2
History
Discovery and first isolation Bernard Courtois (1811)
Main isotopes of iodine
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
123I syn 13 h ε, γ 123Te
124I syn 4.176 d ε 124Te
125I syn 59.40 d ε 125Te
127I 100% stable
129I trace 1.57×107 y β 129Xe
131I syn 8.02070 d β, γ 131Xe
135I syn 6.57 h β 135Xe
| references | in Wikidata

مشخصاتسمول

تاریخچهسمول

== مرکبات ==

د استعمال ځایونهسمول

سرچينېسمول

  1. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  2. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.
  3. Weast, Robert (1984). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics]. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 

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