آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

مېټېنېټريوم

(له Meitnerium نه مخ گرځېدلی)

مېټېنېټريوم (په انگرېزي: Meitnerium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Mt سمبول او ۱۰۹ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Meitnerium,  109Mt
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /mtˈnɪəriəm/[۱] or /ˈmtnəriəm/[۲]
myt-NEER-ee-əm or MYT-nər-ee-əm
Meitnerium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Ir

Mt

(Uht)
hassiummeitneriumdarmstadtium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 109
گروپ, پیریود group 9, period 7
بلاک d-block
Element category unknown, but probably a transition metal[۳][۴]
Mass number 278
(unconfirmed: 282) (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2 (calculated)[۳][۵]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 15, 2 (predicted)
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد (predicted)[۴]
Density near r.t. 37.4 g/cm3 (predicted)[۳]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 9, 8, 6, 4, 3, 1(predicted)[۳][۶][۷][۸]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 800.8 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1823.6 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2904.2 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all estimated)[۳]
Atomic radius empirical: 128 pm (predicted)[۳][۸]
Covalent radius 129 pm (estimated)[۹]
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for meitnerium

(predicted)[۴]
Magnetic ordering paramagnetic (predicted)[۱۰]
CAS Number 54038-01-6
History
Naming after Lise Meitner
Discovery Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1982)
Main isotopes of meitnerium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
282Mt[۱۱] syn 67 s? α 278Bh
278Mt syn 4 s α 274Bh
276Mt syn 0.6 s α 272Bh
274Mt syn 0.4 s α 270Bh
| references | in Wikidata

مشخصاتسمول

تاریخچهسمول

مرکباتسمول

د استعمال ځایونهسمول

سرچينېسمول

  1. Emsley, John (2003). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0198503408. http://www.google.com/books?id=j-Xu07p3cKwC. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  2. . Meitnerium. Periodic Table of Videos. The University of Nottingham
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ ۳٫۵ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ ۴٫۲ Östlin, A.; Vitos, L. (2011). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "First-principles calculation of the structural stability of 6d transition metals"]. Physical Review B 84 (11). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.113104. Bibcode2011PhRvB..84k3104O. 
  5. Thierfelder, C.; Schwerdtfeger, P.; Heßberger, F. P.; Hofmann, S. (2008). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Dirac-Hartree-Fock studies of X-ray transitions in meitnerium"]. The European Physical Journal A 36 (2): 227. doi:10.1140/epja/i2008-10584-7. Bibcode2008EPJA...36..227T. 
  6. Ionova, G. V.; Ionova, I. S.; Mikhalko, V. K.; Gerasimova, G. A.; Kostrubov, Yu. N.; Suraeva, N. I. (2004). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Halides of Tetravalent Transactinides (Rf, Db, Sg, Bh, Hs, Mt, 110th Element): Physicochemical Properties"]. Russian Journal of Coordination Chemistry 30 (5): 352. doi:10.1023/B:RUCO.0000026006.39497.82. 
  7. Himmel, Daniel; Knapp, Carsten; Patzschke, Michael; Riedel, Sebastian (2010). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "How Far Can We Go? Quantum-Chemical Investigations of Oxidation State +IX"]. ChemPhysChem 11 (4): 865–9. doi:10.1002/cphc.200900910. PMID 20127784. 
  8. ۸٫۰ ۸٫۱ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  9. Chemical Data. Meitnerium - Mt, Royal Chemical Society
  10. Saito, Shiro L. (2009). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Hartree–Fock–Roothaan energies and expectation values for the neutral atoms He to Uuo: The B-spline expansion method"]. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables 95 (6): 836. doi:10.1016/j.adt.2009.06.001. Bibcode2009ADNDT..95..836S. 
  11. Hofmann, S.; Heinz, S.; Mann, R.; Maurer, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Antalic, S.; Barth, W.; Burkhard, H. G. et al. (2016). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120"]. The European Physics Journal A 2016 (52). doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4. 

  دا ليکنه نابشپړه ده، تاسې ددې ليکنې په بشپړولو کې د ويکيپېډيا سره مرسته کولای شئ.