اوگانسون

(له Oganesson نه مخ گرځېدلی)

اوگانسون (په انگرېزي: Oganesson) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Og سمبول او ۱۱۸ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Oganesson,  118Og
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ɒɡəˈnɛsɒn/
o-gə-NES-on
Oganesson په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Rn

Og

(Usb)
tennessineoganessonununennium
اټومي شمیره (Z)118
گروپ, پیریودgroup 18, period 7
بلاکp-block
Element categoryunknown, but probably a noble gas
Mass number294 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6 (predicted)[۱][۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8 (predicted)
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP)جامد (predicted)[۱]
يشنا ټکی350±30 K ​(80±30 °C, ​170±50 °F) (extrapolated)[۱]
Density when liquid, at m.p.4.9–5.1 g/cm3 (predicted)[۳]
Critical point439 K, 6.8 MPa (extrapolated)[۴]
Heat of fusion23.5 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[۴]
Heat of vaporization19.4 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[۴]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states−1,[۲] 0, +1,[۵] +2,[۶] +4,[۶] +6[۲](predicted)
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 839.4 kJ/mol (predicted)[۲]
  • 2nd: 1563.1 kJ/mol (predicted)[۷]
Covalent radius157 pm (predicted)[۸]
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for oganesson
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for oganesson

(extrapolated)[۹]
CAS Number54144-19-3
History
Namingafter Yuri Oganessian
PredictionNiels Bohr (1922)
DiscoveryJoint Institute for Nuclear Research and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (2006)
Main isotopes of oganesson
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

| references | in Wikidata

مشخصات سمول

تاریخچه سمول

مرکبات سمول

د استعمال ځایونه سمول

سرچينې سمول

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ Nash, Clinton S. (2005). "Atomic and Molecular Properties of Elements 112, 114, and 118". Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 109 (15): 3493–3500. doi:10.1021/jp050736o. PMID 16833687. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (سمونګران). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (چاپ 3rd). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 1-4020-3555-1. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  3. Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry. American Chemical Society. 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  4. ۴٫۰ ۴٫۱ ۴٫۲ Eichler, R.; Eichler, B., Thermochemical Properties of the Elements Rn, 112, 114, and 118 (PDF), Paul Scherrer Institut, د لاسرسي‌نېټه ۲۳ اکتوبر ۲۰۱۰ منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  5. Han, Young-Kyu; Bae, Cheolbeom; Son, Sang-Kil; Lee, Yoon Sup (2000). "Spin–orbit effects on the transactinide p-block element monohydrides MH (M=element 113–118)". Journal of Chemical Physics. 112 (6): 2684. Bibcode:2000JChPh.112.2684H. doi:10.1063/1.480842. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  6. ۶٫۰ ۶٫۱ کينډۍ:Citebook
  7. Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. د لاسرسي‌نېټه ۰۴ اکتوبر ۲۰۱۳. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)
  8. Chemical Data. Ununoctium - Uuo, Royal Chemical Society
  9. Grosse, A. V. (1965). "Some physical and chemical properties of element 118 (Eka-Em) and element 86 (Em)". Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry. Elsevier Science Ltd. 27 (3): 509–19. doi:10.1016/0022-1902(65)80255-X. منځګړی |CitationClass= له پامه غورځول شوی (لارښود)

  دا ليکنه نابشپړه ده، تاسې ددې ليکنې په بشپړولو کې د ويکيپېډيا سره مرسته کولای شئ.