آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

کيوريوم

(له Curium نه مخ گرځېدلی)

کيوريوم (په انگرېزي: Curium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Cm سمبول او ۹۶ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Curium,  96Cm
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈkjʊəriəm/
KEWR-ee-əm
Appearance silvery metallic, glows purple in the dark
Curium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Gd

Cm

(Upn)
americiumcuriumberkelium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 96
گروپ, پیریود group n/a, period 7
بلاک f-block
Element category   actinide
Mass number 247 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f7 6d1 7s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 25, 9, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد
دويلې کيدو ټکى 1613 K ​(1340 °C, ​2444 °F)
يشنا ټکی 3383 K ​(3110 °C, ​5630 °F)
Density near r.t. 13.51 g/cm3
Heat of fusion 13.85 kJ/mol
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1788 1982
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 6,[۱] 4, 3, 2 ​(an amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.3
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 581 kJ/mol
Atomic radius empirical: 174 pm
Covalent radius 169±3 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structuredouble hexagonal close-packed (dhcp)
Double hexagonal close packed crystal structure for curium
Electrical resistivity 1.25 µΩ·m[۲]
Magnetic ordering antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition at 52 K[۲]
CAS Number 7440-51-9
History
Naming named after Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie
Discovery Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Albert Ghiorso (1944)
Main isotopes of curium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay3 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

247Cm syn 1.56×107 y α 243Pu

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2 کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay3

| references | in Wikidata

مشخصاتسمول

تاریخچهسمول

مرکباتسمول

د استعمال ځایونهسمول

سرچينېسمول

  1. Domanov, V. P.; Lobanov, Yu. V. (October 2011). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Formation of volatile curium(VI) trioxide CmO3"]. Radiochemistry (SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica) 53 (5): 453–6. doi:10.1134/S1066362211050018. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ Schenkel, R. (1977). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "The electrical resistivity of 244Cm metal"]. Solid State Communications 23 (6): 389. doi:10.1016/0038-1098(77)90239-3. Bibcode1977SSCom..23..389S. 

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