آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

کاپرنېسيوم

(له Copernicium نه مخ گرځېدلی)

کاپرنېسيوم (په انگرېزي: Copernicium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Cn سمبول او ۱۱۲ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Copernicium,  112Cn
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /kpərˈnɪsiəm/
koe-pər-NIS-ee-əm
Copernicium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Hg

Cn

(Uhh)
roentgeniumcoperniciumnihonium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 112
گروپ, پیریود group 12, period 7
بلاک d-block
Element category   transition metal, alternatively considered a post-transition metal
Mass number 285 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 (predicted)[۱]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 2 (predicted)
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) گاز[۲] (predicted)
يشنا ټکی 357+112
−108
 K ​(84+112
−108
 °C, ​183+202
−194
 °F)[۳]
Density when liquid, at m.p. 23.7 g/cm3 (predicted)[۱]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 2, (1), 0 ​​(parenthesized oxidation states are predictions)[۱][۴][۵]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 1154.9 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 2170.0 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 3164.7 kJ/mol
  • (more) (all estimated)[۱]
Atomic radius empirical: 147 pm (predicted)[۱][۵]
Covalent radius 122 pm (predicted)[۶]
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close-packed crystal structure for copernicium

(predicted)[۷]
CAS Number 54084-26-3
History
Naming after Nicolaus Copernicus
Discovery Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (1996)
Main isotopes of copernicium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
286Cn syn 8.45 s ? SF
285Cn syn 30 s α 281Ds

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

| references | in Wikidata

مشخصاتسمول

تاریخچهسمول

مرکباتسمول

د استعمال ځایونهسمول

سرچينېسمول

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ ۱٫۳ ۱٫۴ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  2. Soverna S 2004, 'Indication for a gaseous element 112,' in U Grundinger (ed.), GSI Scientific Report 2003, GSI Report 2004-1, p. 187, ISSN 0174-0814
  3. Eichler, R.; Aksenov, N. V.; Belozerov, A. V.; Bozhikov, G. A.; Chepigin, V. I.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Dressler, R.; Gäggeler, H. W. et al. (2008). "Thermochemical and physical properties of element 112". Angewandte Chemie 47 (17): 3262–6. doi:10.1002/anie.200705019. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/anie.200705019/abstract. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  4. H. W. Gäggeler . Gas Phase Chemistry of Superheavy Elements. Paul Scherrer Institute
  5. ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  6. Chemical Data. Copernicium - Cn, Royal Chemical Society
  7. Gaston, Nicola; Opahle, Ingo; Gäggeler, Heinz W.; Schwerdtfeger, Peter (2007). "Is eka-mercury (element 112) a group 12 metal?". Angewandte Chemie 46 (10): 1663–6. doi:10.1002/anie.200604262. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/51380328_Is_eka-mercury_(element_112)_a_group_12_metal. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 

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