آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

فلروويوم

(له Flerovium نه مخ گرځېدلی)

فلروويوم (په انگرېزي: Flerovium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Fl سمبول او ۱۱۴ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Flerovium,  114Fl
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /flɪˈrviəm/[۱]
FLI-ROH-VEE-əm
Flerovium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Pb

Fl

(Uho)
nihoniumfleroviummoscovium
اټومي شمیره (Z) 114
گروپ, پیریود group 14 (carbon group), period 7
بلاک p-block
Element category unknown, but probably a post-transition metal
Mass number 289
(unconfirmed: 290) (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2 (predicted)[۲]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 4 (predicted)
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) گاز (predicted)[۲]
يشنا ټکی ~ 210 K ​(~ −60 °C, ​~ −80 °F) [۳][۴]
Density when liquid, at m.p. 14 g/cm3 (predicted)[۵]
Heat of vaporization 38 kJ/mol (predicted)[۵]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states 0, 1, 2, 4, 6(predicted)[۲][۵][۶]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 823.9 kJ/mol (predicted)[۲]
  • 2nd: 1601.6 kJ/mol (predicted)[۵]
  • 3rd: 3367.3 kJ/mol (predicted)[۵]
  • (more)
Atomic radius empirical: 180 pm (predicted)[۲][۵]
Covalent radius 171–177 pm (extrapolated)[۷]
Miscellanea
CAS Number 54085-16-4
History
Naming after Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (itself named after Georgy Flyorov)[۸]
Discovery Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) (2004)
Main isotopes of flerovium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

289Fl syn 1.9 s α 285Cn
288Fl syn 0.64 s α 284Cn
287Fl syn 0.54 s α 283Cn

کينډۍ:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

285Fl[۹][۱۰] syn 0.15 s α 281Cn
284Fl[۹][۱۰] syn 2 ms SF
| references | in Wikidata

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سرچينېسمول

  1. . Flerovium and Livermorium. Periodic Table of Videos. The University of Nottingham
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  3. (په 27 January 2017 کې). Discovering Superheavy Elements. Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  4. . Transuranium element. Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ ۵٫۲ ۵٫۳ ۵٫۴ ۵٫۵ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. Structure and Bonding 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. ISBN 978-3-540-07109-9. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  6. Schwerdtfeger, Peter; Seth, Michael (2002). "Relativistic Quantum Chemistry of the Superheavy Elements. Closed-Shell Element 114 as a Case Study". Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences 3 (1): 133–136. http://www.radiochem.org/paper/JN31/30.pdf. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  7. Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry (American Chemical Society) 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/239657207_Predicting_the_properties_of_the_113_to_120_transactinide_elements. 
  8. کينډۍ:Cite press
  9. ۹٫۰ ۹٫۱ Utyonkov, V.K. et al. (2015) Synthesis of superheavy nuclei at limits of stability: 239,240Pu + 48Ca and 249–251Cf + 48Ca reactions. Super Heavy Nuclei International Symposium, Texas A & M University, College Station TX, USA, March 31 – April 02, 2015
  10. ۱۰٫۰ ۱۰٫۱ Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G. et al. (15 September 2015). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy nuclei 284Fl and 285Fl in the 239,240Pu + 48Ca reactions"]. Physical Review C 92 (3): 034609. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034609. Bibcode2015PhRvC..92c4609U. 

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