آرنۍ غورنۍ پرانيستل

ليورموريوم

(له Livermorium نه مخ گرځېدلی)

ليورموريوم (په انگرېزي: Livermorium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Lv سمبول او ۱۱۶ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Livermorium,  116Lv
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˌlɪvərˈmɔəriəm/
LIV-ər-MOHR-ee-əm
Livermorium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Po

Lv

(Usn)
moscoviumlivermoriumtennessine
اټومي شمیره (Z) 116
گروپ, پیریود group 16 (chalcogens), period 7
بلاک p-block
Element category unknown, but probably a post-transition metal
Mass number 293 (most stable isotope)
Electron configuration [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4 (predicted)[۱]
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 6 (predicted)
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP) جامد (predicted)[۱][۲]
دويلې کيدو ټکى 637–780 K ​(364–507 °C, ​687–944 °F) (extrapolated)[۲]
يشنا ټکی 1035–1135 K ​(762–862 °C, ​1403–1583 °F) (extrapolated)[۲]
Density near r.t. 12.9 g/cm3 (predicted)[۱]
Heat of fusion 7.61 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[۲]
Heat of vaporization 42 kJ/mol (predicted)[۳]
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states −2,[۴] +2, +4(predicted)[۱]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 723.6 kJ/mol (predicted)[۱]
  • 2nd: 1331.5 kJ/mol (predicted)[۳]
  • 3rd: 2846.3 kJ/mol (predicted)[۳]
  • (more)
Atomic radius empirical: 183 pm (predicted)[۳]
Covalent radius 162–166 pm (extrapolated)[۲]
Miscellanea
CAS Number 54100-71-9
History
Naming after Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,[۵] itself named partly after Livermore, California
Discovery Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (2004)
Main isotopes of livermorium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
294Lv syn 54 ms? α 290Fl
293Lv syn 60 ms α 289Fl
292Lv syn 12 ms α 288Fl
291Lv syn 18 ms α 287Fl
290Lv syn 8 ms α 286Fl
| references | in Wikidata

مشخصاتسمول

تاریخچهسمول

مرکباتسمول

د استعمال ځایونهسمول

سرچينېسمول

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ ۱٫۳ ۱٫۴ Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". "Transactinides and the future elements"]. In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean. The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ ۲٫۲ ۲٫۳ ۲٫۴ Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry (American Chemical Society) 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/239657207_Predicting_the_properties_of_the_113_to_120_transactinide_elements. 
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225672062_Superheavy_elements_a_prediction_of_their_chemical_and_physical_properties. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  4. Thayer, John S. (2010). [اصطلاحي تېروتنه: د ناپېژندلې ليکنښې لوښه "۱". Relativistic Effects and the Chemistry of the Heavier Main Group Elements]. p. 83. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9975-5_2. 
  5. (په 30 May 2012 کې). Element 114 is Named Flerovium and Element 116 is Named Livermorium. IUPAC

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