رېنيوم (په انگرېزي: Rhenium) له کیمیاوي عناصرو څخه یو دی چې په تناوبي جدول کې د Re سمبول او v۵ اتمي شمېرې په وسیله ښودل شوی دی.

Rhenium,  75Re
Rhenium single crystal bar and 1cm3 cube.jpg
عمومي خواص
Pronunciation /ˈrniəm/
REE-nee-əm
Appearancesilvery-grayish
Rhenium په دوراني جدول کې
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
Tc

Re

Bh
tungstenrheniumosmium
اټومي شمیره (Z)75
گروپ, پیریودgroup 7, period 6
بلاکd-block
Element category  transition metal
معياري اټومي وزن (Ar)کينډۍ:Val[۱]
Electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 13, 2
فزیکي خواص
حالت (at STP)جامد
دويلې کيدو ټکى3459 K ​(3186 °C, ​5767 °F)
يشنا ټکی5903 K ​(5630 °C, ​10,170 °F)
Density near r.t.21.02 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p.18.9 g/cm3
Heat of fusion60.43 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization704 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity25.48 J/(mol·K)
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 3303 3614 4009 4500 5127 5954
اټومي خواص
Oxidation states7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, −1, −3 ​(a mildly acidic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.9
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 760 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1260 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 2510 kJ/mol
  • (more)
Atomic radiusempirical: 137 pm
Covalent radius151±7 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structurehexagonal close-packed (hcp)
Hexagonal close packed crystal structure for rhenium
Speed of sound thin rod4700 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion6.2 µm/(m·K)
د تودوخې تېرېدنه48.0 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity193 nΩ·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic[۲]
Magnetic susceptibility (χmol)+67.6·10−6 cm3/mol (293 K)[۳]
Young's modulus463 GPa
Shear modulus178 GPa
Bulk modulus370 GPa
Poisson ratio0.30
Mohs hardness7.0
Vickers hardness1350–7850 MPa
Brinell hardness1320–2500 MPa
CAS Number7440-15-5
History
Namingafter the river Rhine (German: Rhein)
DiscoveryMasataka Ogawa (1908)
First isolationMasataka Ogawa (1919)
Named byWalter Noddack, Ida Noddack, Otto Berg (1925)
Main isotopes of rhenium
آيسو­ټوپ Abun­dance نیم ژوند (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
185Re 37.4% stable
187Re 62.6% 4.12×1010 y β 187Os
| references | in Wikidata

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سرچينېسمول

  1. Meija, J.; Coplen, T. B. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. 88 (3): 265-91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/pac.2016.88.issue-3/pac-2015-0305/pac-2015-0305.xml. 
  2. Lide, D. R., المحرر (2005). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (الطبعة 86th). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 0-8493-0486-5. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
  3. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. د کتاب پاڼي E110. د کتاب نړيواله کره شمېره 0-8493-0464-4. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)

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