د "چین د خلکو جمهوریت" د بڼو تر مېنځ توپير

۷٬۴۶۲ بايټونه ورگډ شول ،  ۵ کاله مخکې
د سمون لنډيز پرته
{{هېواد-مالوماتبکس|
| ولسي نوم= <center>中华人民共和国<small>{{Ref label |names|a|}}</small><br /><center>''Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó''</center>
|اوږد دوديز نوم = People's Republic of China
|common_name = China
|image_flag = Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
|image_coat = National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
|symbol_type = Emblem
|image_map = People's Republic of China (orthographic projection).svg
|map_width = 220px
|map_caption = PRC-administered areas in dark green;<br />PRC territorial claims in light green
|national_anthem = <center>[[دوتنه:March of the Volunteers instrumental.ogg]]</center><br />“[[March of the Volunteers]]”<br />《义勇军进行曲》<br />"Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ"
|official_languages = {{nobr|[[Standard Mandarin]]<ref name="langlaw">{{Cite web|url=http://www.gov.cn/english/laws/2005-09/19/content_64906.htm |title=Law of the People's Republic of China on the Standard Spoken and Written Chinese Language (Order of the President No.37) |publisher=Gov.cn |date= |accessdate=27 April 2010}}</ref>}}
|languages_type = [[Official script]]s
|languages = [[Simplified Chinese characters|Simplified Chinese]]<ref name="langlaw"/>
|regional_languages = {{nobr|''See [[Languages of China]]''}}
|ethnic_groups = 92% [[Han Chinese|Han]]; 55 recognised minorities<br />{{Collapsible list|title=[[List of ethnic groups in China|List of ethnic groups]]|91.6% [[Han Chinese|Han]]|1.30% [[Zhuang people|Zhuang]]|0.86% [[Manchu]]|0.79% [[Uyghur people|Uyghur]]|0.79% [[Hui people|Hui]]|0.72% [[Miao people|Miao]]|0.65% [[Yi people|Yi]]|0.62% [[Tujia]]|0.47% [[Ethnic Mongols in China|Mongol]]|0.44% [[Tibetan people|Tibetan]]|0.26% [[Buyei]]|0.15% [[Koreans in China|Korean]]|1.05% other}}
|capital = [[Beijing]]
|latd=39 |latm=55 |latNS=N |longd=116 |longm=23 |longEW=E
|largest_city = [[Shanghai]]
|demonym = Chinese<!--
NOTE: Describing the PRC's *GOVERNMENT TYPE* has been a contentious issue.
PLEASE READ THE ARCHIVES of past discussions BEFORE MAKING/SUGGESTING CHANGES!
-->|government_type = [[People's republic]],<ref name="pplrepub">{{cite encyclopedia
|encyclopedia=Encyclopaedia Britannica
|title=China
|url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/111803/China
|accessdate=15 March 2010
|quote=Form of government: single-party people's republic with one legislative house}}</ref><br />[[Communist state]],<ref>{{Cite web
|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html
|title=CIA - The World Factbook -- China
|work=The World Factbook
|publisher=Central Intelligence Agency
|accessdate=15 March 2010
|quote=Government type: Communist state}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web
|url=http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/18902.htm
|title=China (10/09)
|date=October 2009
|work=Background Notes
|author=Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
|publisher=[[United States Department of State]]
|accessdate=15 March 2010
|quote=Government Type: Communist party-led state.}}</ref><br />{{Ref label|complex|note b}}
|leader_title1 =[[President of the People's Republic of China|President]]
|leader_name1 = [[Xi Jinping]]
|leader_title2 = [[Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China|Premier]]
|leader_name2 = [[Wen Jiabao]]
|leader_title3 = {{nobr|<small>[[Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress|NPCSC Chairman]]</small>}}
|leader_name3 = [[Wu Bangguo]]
|leader_title4 = {{nobr|<small>[[Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference|CPPCC Chairman]]</small>}}
|leader_name4 = [[Jia Qinglin]]
|legislature = [[National People's Congress]]
|sovereignty_type = [[History of China|Establishment]]
|established_event1 = People's Republic of China proclaimed.
|established_date1 = 1 October 1949
|area_footnote ={{Ref label |territory|c|}} or 9,671,018&nbsp;km²{{Ref label |territory|c|}}
|area_km2 = 9,640,821
|area_sq_mi = 3704427 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|area_rank = 3rd/4th
|area_magnitude = 1 E12
|percent_water = 2.8{{Ref label |mainland|d|}}
|population_estimate = 1,338,612,968<ref name=unpop>{{Cite journal
|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html
|title=China – People
|publisher=https://www.cia.gov
|year=2009
|accessdate=1 January 2010 }}</ref>
|population_estimate_year = 2010
|population_estimate_rank = 1st
|population_census = 1,242,612,226
|population_census_year = 2000
|pop_den_footnote =
|population_density_km2 = 139.6
|population_density_sq_mi = 363.3 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
|population_density_rank = 53rd
|GDP_nominal = $5.365&nbsp;trillion<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_nominal_rank = 2nd<ref name=bloomgdp>16 August 2010, [http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-08-16/china-economy-passes-japan-s-in-second-quarter-capping-three-decade-rise.html China Overtakes Japan as World's Second-Biggest Economy], Bloomberg</ref>
|GDP_nominal_year = 2010
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $3,999<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = 98th
|GDP_PPP_year = 2010
|GDP_PPP = $9.712&nbsp;trillion<ref name=imf2>{{Cite web|url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=924&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=71&pr.y=8 |title=People's Republic of China|publisher=International Monetary Fund|accessdate=21 April 2010}}</ref>
|GDP_PPP_rank = 2nd
|GDP_PPP_per_capita = $7,240<ref name=imf2/>
|GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank = 99th
|Gini = 41.5<ref>[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2172.html CIA World Factbook] [Gini rankings]</ref>
|Gini_year = 2007
|HDI_year = 2007
|HDI = {{increase}} 0.772<ref>[http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Complete.pdf Human Development Report 2009]. The United Nations. Retrieved 5 October 2009.</ref>
|HDI_rank = 92nd
|HDI_category = <span style="color:#fc0;">medium</span>
|currency = [[renminbi|Chinese yuan (renminbi)]] (¥)
|currency_code = CNY
|time_zone = [[China Standard Time]]
|utc_offset = +8
|date_format = yyyy-mm-dd <br />''or'' yyyy{{lang|zh|年}}m{{lang|zh|月}}d{{lang|zh|日}} <br />([[Common Era|CE]]; [[Chinese calendar|CE-1949]])
|drives_on = right, except for Hong Kong & Macau
|cctld = [[.cn]]{{Ref label |mainland|d|}} [[.中國]]<ref>{{Cite web
|url=http://brussels38.icann.org/meetings/brussels2010/transcript-board-25jun10-en.txt
|title=ICANN Board Meeting Minutes
|publisher=ICANN
|accessdate=25 June 2010 }}</ref>
[[.中国]]
|calling_code = [[+86]]{{Ref label |mainland|d|}}
|footnotes =
a. {{note|names}} See also [[Name of China#Official names|Names of China]].
 
b. {{note|complex}} Simple characterizations of the [[political structure]] since the 1980s are no longer possible.<ref name="notsimple"/>
 
c. {{note|territory}} {{convert|9598086|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}} excludes all disputed territories.<br /> {{convert|9640821|km2|sqmi|abbr=on}} Includes PRC-administered area ([[Aksai Chin]] and [[Trans-Karakoram Tract]], both territories claimed by India), Taiwan is not included.<ref>{{Cite web
|url=http://www.chinadaily.net/china/2008-01/24/content_6418067.htm
|title=GDP expands 11.4 percent, fastest in 13 years
|publisher=Chinadaily.net
|date=24 January 2008
|accessdate=15 June 2009 }}</ref>
 
d. {{note|mainland}} Information for [[mainland China]] only. Hong Kong, [[Macau]] and territories under the jurisdiction of the [[Republic of China]], commonly known as [[Taiwan]], are excluded.
}}
 
'''د چين د خلکو جمهوريت''' ( په چینايي: 中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ) دنړۍ درېیم لوی هېواد دی چی د آسیا په جنوب ختیځ کې پروت دی. پراخوالى ې ۹۵۲۶۹۰۰ کلومتره مربع دی او ۱۱۹۵۰۰۰۰۰۰ نفوس لري. د چين د خلکو جمهوريت په ۲۱ ولایتونو، ۵ د خپلواکو سیمو او ۳ د خپلواکو ښارونو وېشل شوى دى. پایتخت یی [[بېجینگ|پکن]] دی. د چین ځمکه ( اراضی ) ډېره مختلفه ده. د چین په لویدیځ کی غرونه، په شمال کی دښتې او په جنوب کی حاصل خېز سیمو شته.