د "اوردو ژبه" د بڼو تر مېنځ توپير
د سمون لنډيز پرته
(نوی مخ: Urdu (Urdu: اردو, IPA: [ˈʊrd̪u] ( listen)) is a register of the Hindustani language identified with Muslims. It is the national language, lingua franca, and one of the two of...)
Urdu (Urdu: اردو, IPA: [ˈʊrd̪u] ( listen)) is a register of the Hindustani language identified with Muslims. It is the national language, lingua franca, and one of the two official languages of Pakistan (the other being English), and one of 22 scheduled languages of India, as an official language of five Indian states. Based on the dialect of Delhi, Hindustani aka Urdu developed under Persian, Arabic and Turkic influence over the course of almost 900 years. It began to take shape in what is now Uttar Pradesh during the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1527), and continued to develop under the Mughal Empire (1526–1858). Modern Urdu is mutually intelligible with the younger register of Hindustani, which is often simply called "Hindi".▼
The original language of the Mughals was Chagatai, a Turkic language, but after their arrival in South Asia, they came to adopt Persian. Gradually, the need to communicate with local inhabitants led to a composition of Sanskrit-derived languages, written in the Perso-Arabic script and with literary conventions and specialised vocabulary being retained from Persian, Arabic and Turkic; the new standard was eventually given its own name of Urdu.