و (robot Adding: bs:Etnologija)
Lévi-Strauss often referred to [[Montaigne]]'s [[Essays (Montaigne)|essay]] on [[anthropophagy]] as an early example of "ethnology". Lévi-Strauss aimed, through a [[structuralist|structural method]], at discovering universal invariants in human society, which he thought was the prohibition of the [[incest taboo|incest]]. However, the claims of such cultural [[universalism]] have been criticized by various 19th and 20th century social thinkers, among the more important include: [[Marx]], [[Nietzsche]], [[Foucault]], [[Althusser]] and [[Deleuze]].
==د توکمپوهنې د پوهانو لړليک==
<!-- please list only very famous or important scholars here -->
==د توکمپوهنې په اړه وېبپاڼې==
* http://www.ethnologue.com/ describes the languages and ethnic groups found worldwide, grouped by host nation-state.
* http://www.movinganthropology.org - The Moving Anthropology Student Network/Moving Anthropology Social Network connects young anthropologists and anthropology students from European and other countries
* [http://anthro.amnh.org/anthro.html Division of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History] - Over 160,000 objects from Pacific, North American, African, Asian ethnographic collections with images and detailed description, linked to the original catalogue pages, field notebooks, and photographs are available online.