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Hanging Gardens of Babylon
د Wikipedia لخوا
Jump to: ګرځېدنه, لټون
"Hanging Gardens" redirects here. For other uses, see Hanging Gardens (disambiguation).
An ancient depiction of the Hanging Gardens. Irrigation on a man-made slope.
Gardens of Semiramis, 20th century interpretation
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (also known as Hanging Gardens of Semiramis) (near present-day Al Hillah in Iraq) are considered one of the original Seven Wonders of the World. They were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his wife, Amytis of Media, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland.[1] The gardens were destroyed in an earthquake after the 1st century BC.
The lush Hanging Gardens are extensively documented by Greek historians such as Strabo and Diodorus Siculus. Through the ages, the location may have been confused with gardens that existed at Nineveh, since tablets from there clearly show gardens. Writings on these tablets describe the possible use of something similar to an Archimedes' screw as a process of raising the water to the required height.
نيوليک
[پټول]
• 1 Greek References
• 2 Other references
• 3 Did they exist?
• 4 References
• 5 External links
 
[سمادول] Greek References
The Greek Historian Strabo:
"Babylon, too, lies in a plain; and the circuit of its wall is three hundred and eighty-five stadia. The thickness of its wall is thirty-two feet; the height thereof between the towers is fifty cubits; that of the towers is sixty cubits; and the passage on top of the wall is such that four-horse chariots can easily pass one another; and it is on this account that this and the hanging garden are called one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The garden is quadrangular in shape, and each side is four plethra in length. It consists of arched vaults, which are situated, one after another, on checkered, cube-like foundations. The checkered foundations, which are hollowed out, are covered so deep with earth that they admit of the largest of trees, having been constructed of baked brick and asphalt — the foundations themselves and the vaults and the arches. The ascent to the uppermost terrace-roofs is made by a stairway; and alongside these stairs there were screws, through which the water was continually conducted up into the garden from the Euphrates by those appointed for this purpose. For the river, a stadium in width, flows through the middle of the city; and the garden is on the bank of the river."[2]
The Greek Historian Diodorus:
"The Garden was 100 feet (30 m) long by 100 feet (30 m) wide and built up in tiers so that it resembled a theater. Vaults had been constructed under the ascending terraces which carried the entire weight of the planted garden; the uppermost vault, which was seventy-five feet high, was the highest part of the garden, which, at this point, was on the same level as the city walls. The roofs of the vaults which supported the garden were constructed of stone beams some sixteen feet long, and over these were laid first a layer of reeds set in thick tar, then two courses of baked brick bonded by cement, and finally a covering of lead to prevent the moisture in the soil penetrating the roof. On top of this roof enough topsoil was heaped to allow the biggest trees to take root. The earth was leveled off and thickly planted with every kind of tree. And since the galleries projected one beyond the other, where they were sunlit, they contained conduits for the water which was raised by pumps in great abundance from the river, though no one outside could see it being done."[3]
[سمادول] Other references
 
[[ar:حدائق بابل المعلقة]]
[[bg:Висящи градини на Вавилон]]
[[bn:ব্যাবিলনের শূন্য উদ্যান]]
[[br:Liorzhoù a-istribilh Babilon]]
[[bs:Viseći vrtovi Babilona]]
[[br:Liorzhoù a-istribilh Babilon]]
[[bg:Висящи градини на Вавилон]]
[[ca:Jardins penjants de Babilònia]]
[[cs:Visuté zahrady Semiramidiny]]
[[cv:Семирамидăн çакăнса тăракан сачĕсем]]
[[cs:Visuté zahrady Semiramidiny]]
[[cy:Gerddi Crog Babilon]]
[[da:Babylons hængende haver]]
[[de:Hängende Gärten der Semiramis]]
[[dv:ބާބިލްގެ އެލިފައިވާ ބަގީޗާ ( ހެންގިންގ ގާރޑްން )]]
[[et:Semiramise rippaiad]]
[[el:Κρεμαστοί κήποι της Βαβυλώνας]]
[[esen:JardinesHanging ColgantesGardens deof BabiloniaBabylon]]
[[eo:Pendĝardenoj de Babilono]]
[[es:Jardines Colgantes de Babilonia]]
[[et:Semiramise rippaiad]]
[[fa:باغ‌های معلق بابل]]
[[fi:Babylonin riippuvat puutarhat]]
[[fr:Jardins suspendus de SémiramisBabylone]]
[[gl:Xardíns colgantes da Babilonia]]
[[he:הגנים התלויים בבבל]]
[[ko:바빌론의 공중 정원]]
[[hr:Semiramidini viseći vrtovi]]
[[hu:Szemirámisz függőkertje]]
[[id:Taman Gantung Babilonia]]
[[is:Hengigarðarnir í Babýlon]]
[[it:Giardini pensili di Babilonia]]
[[ja:バビロンの空中庭園]]
[[he:הגנים התלויים בבבל]]
[[ko:바빌론의 공중 정원]]
[[lo:ສວນລອຍຟ້າບາບິລອນ]]
[[lv:Babilonas gaisa dārzi]]
[[lt:Kabantieji Babilono sodai]]
[[lv:Babilonas gaisa dārzi]]
[[hu:Szemirámisz függőkertje]]
[[mk:Семирамидини висечки градини]]
[[ms:Taman Tergantung Babylon]]
[[nl:Hangende tuinen van Babylon]]
[[ja:バビロンの空中庭園]]
[[no:Babylons hengende hager]]
[[pl:Wiszące ogrody Semiramidy]]
[[pt:Jardins suspensos da Babilónia]]
[[ro:Grădinile suspendate ale Semiramidei]]
[[qu:Babilunpa warkhuq muyankuna]]
[[ro:Grădinile suspendate ale Semiramidei]]
[[ru:Висячие сады Семирамиды]]
[[sh:Semiramidini viseći vrtovi]]
[[simple:Hanging Gardens of Babylon]]
[[sk:Semiramidine visuté záhrady]]
[[sr:Висећи вртови из Вавилона]]
[[sh:Semiramidini viseći vrtovi]]
[[fi:Babylonin riippuvat puutarhat]]
[[sv:Babylons hängande trädgårdar]]
[[ta:பபிலோனின் தொங்கு தோட்டம்]]
[[th:สวนลอยบาบิโลน]]
[[vi:Vườn treo Babylon]]
[[tr:Babil'in Asma Bahçeleri]]
[[uk:Сади Семираміди в Вавілоні]]
[[vi:Vườn treo Babylon]]
[[zh:空中花园]]
 
 
 
 
 
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
د Wikipedia لخوا
Jump to: ګرځېدنه, لټون
"Hanging Gardens" redirects here. For other uses, see Hanging Gardens (disambiguation).
An ancient depiction of the Hanging Gardens. Irrigation on a man-made slope.
Gardens of Semiramis, 20th century interpretation
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (also known as Hanging Gardens of Semiramis) (near present-day Al Hillah in Iraq) are considered one of the original Seven Wonders of the World. They were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his wife, Amytis of Media, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland.[1] The gardens were destroyed in an earthquake after the 1st century BC.
The lush Hanging Gardens are extensively documented by Greek historians such as Strabo and Diodorus Siculus. Through the ages, the location may have been confused with gardens that existed at Nineveh, since tablets from there clearly show gardens. Writings on these tablets describe the possible use of something similar to an Archimedes' screw as a process of raising the water to the required height.
نيوليک
[پټول]
• 1 Greek References
• 2 Other references
• 3 Did they exist?
• 4 References
• 5 External links
 
[سمادول] Greek References
The Greek Historian Strabo:
"Babylon, too, lies in a plain; and the circuit of its wall is three hundred and eighty-five stadia. The thickness of its wall is thirty-two feet; the height thereof between the towers is fifty cubits; that of the towers is sixty cubits; and the passage on top of the wall is such that four-horse chariots can easily pass one another; and it is on this account that this and the hanging garden are called one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The garden is quadrangular in shape, and each side is four plethra in length. It consists of arched vaults, which are situated, one after another, on checkered, cube-like foundations. The checkered foundations, which are hollowed out, are covered so deep with earth that they admit of the largest of trees, having been constructed of baked brick and asphalt — the foundations themselves and the vaults and the arches. The ascent to the uppermost terrace-roofs is made by a stairway; and alongside these stairs there were screws, through which the water was continually conducted up into the garden from the Euphrates by those appointed for this purpose. For the river, a stadium in width, flows through the middle of the city; and the garden is on the bank of the river."[2]
The Greek Historian Diodorus:
"The Garden was 100 feet (30 m) long by 100 feet (30 m) wide and built up in tiers so that it resembled a theater. Vaults had been constructed under the ascending terraces which carried the entire weight of the planted garden; the uppermost vault, which was seventy-five feet high, was the highest part of the garden, which, at this point, was on the same level as the city walls. The roofs of the vaults which supported the garden were constructed of stone beams some sixteen feet long, and over these were laid first a layer of reeds set in thick tar, then two courses of baked brick bonded by cement, and finally a covering of lead to prevent the moisture in the soil penetrating the roof. On top of this roof enough topsoil was heaped to allow the biggest trees to take root. The earth was leveled off and thickly planted with every kind of tree. And since the galleries projected one beyond the other, where they were sunlit, they contained conduits for the water which was raised by pumps in great abundance from the river, though no one outside could see it being done."[3]
[سمادول] Other references
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