د "د بابل ځوړند بڼ" د بڼو تر مېنځ توپير

۶۵ تورى ورگډ شول ،  ۱۴ کاله مخکې
د سمون لنډيز پرته
(نوی مخ: Hanging garderns {{Redirect|ځوړند بڼونه}} right|thumb|450px|left|An د ځوړندو بڼونو لرغونۍ انځور [[Image:Ogrod...)
 
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Hanging garderns
 
{{Redirect|ځوړند بڼونه}}
[[Image:Hanging_Gardens_of_Babylon.gif|right|thumb|450px|left|An د ځوړندو بڼونو لرغونۍ انځور]]
[[Image:Ogrody_semiramidy.jpg|right|thumb|left|300px|د سميرامېس, د بڼونو ۲۰مې پېړۍ تفسير]]
 
 
[[gardens to please his wife, [[Amytis of Media]], who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland.<ref name="FosterGardensofEden">{{cite conference| first =Karen Polinger| last =Foster| authorlink =| title =Gardens of Eden: Flora and Fauna in the Ancient Near East| booktitle =Transformations of Middle Eastern Natural Environments: Legacies and Lessons| pages =320-329| year=1998| publisher =[[Yale University]]| location =[[New Haven]]| url =http://environment.yale.edu/documents/downloads/0-9/103foster.pdf| accessdate =2007-08-11 }}</ref> The gardens were destroyed in an earthquake after the 1st century BC.
 
The lush Hanging Gardens are extensively documented by [[Greeks|Greek]] [[history|historians]] such as [[Strabo]] and [[Diodorus Siculus]]. Through the ages, the location may have been confused with gardens that existed at [[Nineveh]], since tablets from there clearly show gardens. Writings on these tablets describe the possible use of something similar to an [[Archimedes' screw]] as a process of raising the water to the required height.
 
== يوناني سرچينې==
== Greek References ==
 
''يوناني تاريخپوه سټاربو'':
''The Greek Historian Strabo'':
<blockquote>
"Babylon, too, lies in a plain; and the circuit of its wall is three hundred and eighty-five [[stadia]]. The thickness of its wall is thirty-two feet; the height thereof between the towers is fifty [[cubits]]; that of the towers is sixty cubits; and the passage on top of the wall is such that four-[[horse]] [[chariots]] can easily pass one another; and it is on this account that this and the hanging garden are called one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The garden is [[quadrangular]] in shape, and each side is four [[plethra]] in length. It consists of [[arched vaults]], which are situated, one after another, on [[checkered]], cube-like [[Foundation (architecture)|foundations]]. The checkered foundations, which are hollowed out, are covered so deep with earth that they admit of the largest of trees, having been constructed of baked brick and [[asphalt]] — the foundations themselves and the vaults and the arches. The ascent to the uppermost [[Terrace (building)|terrace]]-[[roofs]] is made by a stairway; and alongside these stairs there were screws, through which the water was continually conducted up into the garden from the [[Euphrates]] by those appointed for this purpose. For the river, a stadium in width, flows through the middle of the city; and the garden is on the bank of the river."<ref name="geographies">[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Strabo/16A*.html#1.5 1. Geographies, Book 16, ch 1, § 5]</ref>
</blockquote>
 
''يوناني تاريخپوه ډياډاروس:''
''The Greek Historian Diodorus:''
<blockquote>
"The Garden was {{convert|100|ft|m}} long by {{convert|100|ft|m}} wide and built up in tiers so that it resembled a [[theater]]. Vaults had been constructed under the ascending terraces which carried the entire weight of the planted garden; the uppermost vault, which was seventy-five feet high, was the highest part of the garden, which, at this point, was on the same level as the city walls. The roofs of the vaults which supported the garden were constructed of stone beams some sixteen feet long, and over these were laid first a layer of reeds set in thick tar, then two courses of baked brick bonded by cement, and finally a covering of lead to prevent the [[moisture]] in the [[soil]] penetrating the roof. On top of this roof enough [[topsoil]] was heaped to allow the biggest trees to take root. The earth was leveled off and thickly planted with every kind of tree. And since the [[galleries]] projected one beyond the other, where they were sunlit, they contained [[conduits]] for the water which was raised by pumps in great abundance from the river, though no one outside could see it being done."<ref name="wellard">[http://www.plinia.net/wonders/gardens/hg4diodorus.html 2. Wellard, 1972, pp. 156]</ref></blockquote>
 
== Otherنورۍ referencesسرچينې ==
''Scriptores Rerum Alexandrii Magni''
 
However, recently there have been excavations on the banks of the Euphrates River of some substantial 25 meter-thick walls.<ref name="history"/> Also, excavations have shown that there may be some seeds scattered around this area which may suggest that the Gardens were real after all.{{Fact|date=February 2008}}
 
==Referencesسرچينې==
<!--See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Footnotes for an explanation of how to generate footnotes using the <ref(erences/)> tags-->
<div class="references-small"><references /></div>
 
== External linksبهرنۍ تړن==
{{Commonscat|Hanging Gardens of Babylon}}
* [http://www.authenticwonders.com/Wonders/gardens.html Sevenد Wondersنړۍ ofاووه the Worldعجايب: The Hangingد Gardensبابل ofځونړ Babylonبڼونه]
* [http://muse.jhu.edu/cgi-bin/access.cgi?uri=/journals/technology_and_culture/v044/44.1dalley.pdf ''Technologyټكنالوجي andاو Cultureكولتور'' Volume 44, Number 1, January 2003] Dalley, Stephanie. Oleson, John Peter. "Sennacherib, Archimedes, and the Water Screw: The Context of Invention in the Ancient World"
 
{{د لرغونې نړۍ اووه عجايب}}
 
[[Category:Buildingsد andعراق structuresودانۍ inاو Iraqجوړښتونه]]
[[Category:د عراق بڼونه]]
[[Category:بابل]]
[[Category:Babyloniaبابلونيا]]
[[Category:Historyد ofعراق Iraqپېښليك]]
[[Category:Destroyedد landmarksتاريخ د بدلون وران ټكي]]
 
[[ar:حدائق بابل المعلقة]]