د "ويدونه" د بڼو تر مېنځ توپير

۳۷ بايټونه ورگډ شول ،  ۱۳ کاله مخکې
Exegetical literature developed in the Vedic schools but comparatively few early medieval commentaries have survived. [[Sayana]], from the 14th century, is known for his elaborate commentaries on the Vedic texts. All classes (varna) in early Vedic society were allowed to study the Vedas and there were Vedic sages that authored the Vedas(Rishis)that were women. However, the later [[dharmashastra]]s, from the [[Sutra]] age, dictate and women and [[Shudra]]s were neither required nor allowed to study the Veda.{{Fact|date=April 2007}} These [[dharmashastra]]s regard the study of the Vedas a religious duty of the three upper [[varnas]] (Brahmins, [[Kshatriya]]s and [[Vaishya]]s).{{Fact|date=April 2007}}
 
==څلور ويدونه==
==The Four Vedas ==
The canonical division of the Vedas is fourfold (''{{IAST|turīya}}'') viz.,<ref>{{Harvnb|Radhakrishnan|Moore|1957|p=3}}; Witzel, Michael, "Vedas and {{IAST|Upaniṣads}}", in: {{Harvnb|Flood|2003|p=68}}</ref>
#[[Rig-Vedaريګ ويدا]] (RV)
#[[Yajur-Vedaيجور ويدا]] (YV, with the main division [[Taittiriya Shakha|TS]] vs. [[Vajasaneyi|VS]])
#[[Sama-Vedaساما ويدا]] (SV)
#[[Atharva-Vedaاتروا ويدا]] (AV)
Of these, the first three were the principal original division, also called ''{{IAST|trayī}}'', "the triple ''{{IAST|Vidyā}}''", that is, "the triple sacred science" of reciting hymns (RV), performing sacrifices (YV), and chanting (SV).<ref>{{Harvnb|MacDonell|2004|p=29-39}}</ref><ref>Witzel, M., "[http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~witzel/canon.pdf The Development of the Vedic Canon and its Schools : The Social and Political Milieu]" in {{Harvnb|Witzel|1997|p=257-348}}</ref> This triplicity is so introduced in the [[Brahmana]]s ([[Shatapatha Brahmana|ShB]], [[Aitareya Brahmana|ABr]] and others), but the Rigveda is the only original work of the three with the other two largely borrowing from it.
 
Each of the four Vedas consists of the metrical [[Mantra]] or Samhita and the prose [[Brahmana]] part, giving directions for the detail of the ceremonies at which the Mantras were to be used and explanations of the legends connected with the Mantras. Both these portions are termed [[shruti]], heard but not composed or written down by men. Each of the four Vedas seems to have passed through numerous [[Shakha]]s or schools, giving rise to various recensions of the text. They each have an Index or [[Anukramani]], the principal work of this kind being the general Index or ''{{IAST|Sarvānukramaṇī}}''.
 
=== The Rig-Vedaرېګ ويدا===
{{main|Rigveda}}