د "ګانميډ" د بڼو تر مېنځ توپير

۳٬۴۵۷ تورى ورگډ شول ،  ۶ مياشتې مخکې
نه پوهېږم چې دا کنډۍ څنګه ورته جوړه کړم.
(نوی مخ ورته جوړ شو او نور معلومات به یې وروسته اپډېټ شي.)
 
(نه پوهېږم چې دا کنډۍ څنګه ورته جوړه کړم.)
 
{{Infobox planet|name=گانیمد|axial_tilt=0–0.33°<ref name="Bills2005" />|volume={{val|7.66|e=10|u=کیلومتر3}} (0.0704 Earths)<ref name="volumecomment" group=lower-alpha />|mass={{val|1.4819|e=23|u=kg}} (0.025 Earths)<ref name="Showman1999" />|density={{val|1.936|ul=g/cm3}}<ref name="Showman1999" />|surface_grav={{val|1.428|ul=m/s2}} (0.146 ''[[g-force|g]]'')<ref name="surfacegravitycomment" group=lower-alpha />|moment_of_inertia_factor={{val|0.3115|0.0028}}<ref name="Schubert2004">{{cite book|last1=Schubert|first1=G.|last2=Anderson|first2=J. D.|last3= Spohn|first3= T.|last4= McKinnon|first4=W. B.|editor1-last= Bagenal| editor1-first= F.| editor2-last= Dowling| editor2-first= T. E.| editor3-last= McKinnon| editor3-first= W. B.|title=Jupiter : the planet, satellites, and magnetosphere|chapter= Interior composition, structure and dynamics of the Galilean satellites|date= 2004|publisher= Cambridge University Press|location=New York|url= https://books.google.com/books?id=aMERHqj9ivcC&printsec=frontcover|chapter-url = https://books.google.com/books?id=aMERHqj9ivcC&pg=PA281|isbn= 978-0521035453|pages= 281–306|oclc= 54081598}}</ref>|escape_velocity={{val|2.741|u=کیلومتر/s}}<ref name="escapevelocitycomment" group=lower-alpha />|rotation=[[synchronous rotation|synchronous]]|albedo={{val|0.43|0.02}}<ref name="jplfact" />|mean_radius={{val|2634.1|0.3|u=کیلومتر}} (0.413 Earths)<ref name="Showman1999" />|magnitude=4.61 ([[opposition (astronomy)|opposition]])<ref name="jplfact" /><br />4.38 (in 1951)<ref name="horizons" />|temp_name1=K|max_temp_1=152<ref name="Orton1996" />|mean_temp_1=110<ref name="Delitsky1998" />|min_temp_1=70<ref name="Delitsky1998" />|atmosphere=yes|surface_pressure=0.2–1.2 µPa<ref name="Hall1998" />|surface_area={{val|8.72|e=7|u=کیلومتر2}} (0.171 Earths)<ref name="surfaceareacomment" group=lower-alpha />|group=[[Galilean moon]]|alt_names=Jupiter III|discoverer=[[گالیلئو گالیله]]|pronounced={{IPAc-en|ˈ|ɡ|æ|n|ᵻ|m|iː|d}}<ref>{{OED|Ganymede}}<br>{{MW|Ganymede}}</ref>|adjectives=Ganymedian,<ref>Quinn Passey & E.M. Shoemaker (1982) "Craters on Ganymede and Callisto", in David Morrison, ed., ''Satellites of Jupiter'', vol. 3, International Astronomical Union, pp 385–386, 411</ref><br>Ganymedean<ref>''Journal of Geophysical Research,'' v. 95 (1990)</ref><ref>E.M. Shoemaker et al. (1982) "Geology of Ganymede", in David Morrison, ed., ''Satellites of Jupiter'', vol. 3, International Astronomical Union, pp 464, 482, 496</ref> {{IPAc-en|ɡ|æ|n|ᵻ|ˈ|m|iː|d|i|ə|n}}|named_after=[[Ganymede (mythology)|Γανυμήδης]] ''Ganymēdēs''|image=Ganymede g1 true-edit1.jpg|image_alt=True-color image taken by the ''Galileo'' orbiter|caption=سطح گانیمد|bgcolour=#a0ffa0|discovered=۷ ژانویه ۱۶۱۰|satellite_of=[[سیاره مشتری|مشتری]]|semimajor={{val|1070400|u=کیلومتر}}<ref name="orbit" />|eccentricity={{val|0.0013}}<ref name="orbit" />|periapsis={{val|1069200|u=کیلومتر}}<ref name="periapsiscomment" group=lower-alpha />|apoapsis={{val|1071600|u=کیلومتر}}<ref name="apoapsiscomment" group=lower-alpha />|period={{val|7.15455296|ul=d}}<ref name="orbit" />|avg_speed=۱۰٫۸۸۰ کیلومتر در ثانیه|inclination=۲٫۲۱۴° (به [[دایرةالبروج]])<br />۰٫۲۰° (به استوای مشتری)<ref name="orbit" />|atmosphere_composition=[[اکسیژن]]<ref name="Hall1998" />}}
 
ګانميډ [انګليسي Ganymede] د [[مشتري]] او [[لمريز غونډال|شمسي نظام]] تر ټولو لويه سپوږمۍ ده چې په کابو 7.155 ورځو کې پر مشتري راڅرخي. دا سپوږمۍ چې له مشتري څخه کابو 1,070,400 کيلوميټره واټن لري [= يعنې د واټن له مخې مشتري ته اوومه نيژدې سپوږمۍ ده] د [[ګالیلیو ګالیله|ګلېليو ګلېلي Galileo Galilei]] په نامه ايتالوي ستورپوه په 1610 کې کشف کړه. ګانميډ کابو 5,262 کيلوميټره قطر او کروي شکل لري. ګانميډ په يوناني اساطيرو کې د اسمان او تالندې د خدای زيوس Zeus ساقي و.
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سمونې