Individual businesses are established in order to perform [[economic]] activities. With some exceptions (such as [[cooperative]]s, [[non-profit organization]]s and generally, institutions of [[government]]), businesses exist to produce [[profit]]. In other words, the owners and operators of a business have as one of their main objectives the receipt or generation of a [[financial return]] in exchange for expending [[time]], [[effort]] and [[capital]].
There are many types of businesses, and, as a result, businesses can be classified in many ways. One of the most common focuses on the primary profit-generating activities of a business, for example: